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   turkey
The Cradle of civilization, the land where history, legend and nature have knitted a bridge between Europe and Asia, a land unlike any other in the world. A glorious past of 10.000 years, the relics of seventeen different civilizations, a very temperate climate, surrounded on three sides by turquoise waters, miles and miles of beaches either in their natural state or developed to suit the needs of travelers, a people generous by nature, one of the three most acclaimed cuisines in the world and the traditional Turkish hospitality.

In a single moment it can take you back to the way of life thousands of years ago. You stay together with these memories for hours. You breathe the air of ancient times and live the life of those who lived then. And in the evening you are back again in the modern comfort of the 21st century. It makes one feel as if events of the day were all a dream.

With a population of over 65 million on its 296.503 sq. miles of which 96.88 percent lies in Asia and 3.12 percent in Europe, Turkey is characterized by the variety of its landscapes and the widely differing climates. On its coasts of Mediterranean and Aegean, hot and dry summer is extremely convenient for swimming, being more or less alike, their springs and long falls are always pleasant. Their mild winters present an all year round traveling possibility to the tourists among the historic and natural beauties. The region Thrace offers distinct winters, warm and pleasant summers. As you move east across Anatolia, winters become considerably more severe owing to the high altitude where summers are cool and mild. Seasonal events that attract foreign visitors to Turkey 365 days a year include a full program of festivals, folklore events, all sorts of sports and many other cultural attractions.


   istanbul
Istanbul is a treasure chest of East and West and a unique destination which served as the capital of empires, religions, cultures and cuisine. It is one of the very few existing cities of the world that contributed to any existing cultures and peoples for thousands of years. Bringing together elements from Byzantine, Greek, Roman, Ottoman and Turkish civilizations, a visit to Istanbul is like walking through a time tunnel where history and tradition live alongside in perfect harmony As well as its popular historical and religious sites, the city has a wide range of Christian, Muslim and Jewish monuments and packed with contemporary museums and art galleries which captivates visitors with a mix of historic icons and contemporary flavors.
   ankara
Ankara, the capital city of modern Turkey since 1923, centrally located in the heart of the country is an important commercial and administrative center. The city was famous for its long-haired Angora goat and has a very rich history dating back to the Hittites. Along with the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations which houses the richest collection of prehistoric, Hittite, Urartian, Lydian, Phrygian materials, it is also home to the Mausoleum of the founder of modern Turkey resting in peace.
   canakkale
Canakkale is located on the narrowest point of the straits of Dardanelles which links the Sea of Marmara to the Aegean Sea and has always been strategically one of the most critical and important locations in the history of Asia Minor. The nearby site of fabled Troy, the place of childhood fantasies of battles over Helen of Troy or perhaps the place where Western literature had its beginnings is one of the main sites of interest. Along with Troy, another important place of interest is the Gallipoli Peninsula, which sits right across Canakkale, witnessed one of the most tragic battles of the entire history. Where half a million innocents lost their lives. Visiting the battle fields, graveyards and monuments located on the Gallipoli Peninsula is a truly moving experience for everyone.
   pergamum
The acropolis, the seat of the Pergamene rulers who stretched their terriories to the Eastern Meditarranean, rising above the modern town of Bergama is one fo the most dramatic settings one can ever see. It housed the second largest library of the ancient world and also cited in the Book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia Minor. Galen, the famous physcian was born here. He taught and practiced medicine here
   izmir
Izmir is the third largest city in Turkey also known as Smyrna in ancient times. It is credited to be the birthplace of Homer. The Levantine, Jewish, Greek heritages of Izmir make it a multicultural city. As a port city, it is located in the heart of three major ancient sites such as Sardes, Pergamon and Ephesus. Sardes was the capital of the Lydians and houses the oldest existing Jewish Synagogue. Pergamon was the birthplace of Parchment paper and was the largest healing center where Galen taught. Ephesus was famous for its Biblical history and wealth. Izmir is also a fascinating city where one can see one of the best archaeological museums, the Roman Agora, the Velvet Castle, the Church of St. Polycarp and the Havra Sokak (Synagogue street).
   edirne
Edirne is located near the Greek and Bulgarian borders and served as a capital city of the Ottoman Empire before Constantinople. It is packed with some of the most important monuments of Islam and Ottoman art and architecture. Selimiye Mosque, one of the most important monuments of classical Ottoman period is in Edirne and credited to be the best work of art by the greatest master achitect, Sinan and has the highest minareets in Turkey. Edirne is also the home of the traditional oil wrestling tournaments held in every summer.
   bursa
Bursa was the second capital of the Ottoman Empire which is also known as “green Bursa” due to its parks and gardens. It is also famous for its peaches, chestnuts, and silk industry. The mausoleums of the early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the city's main landmarks include numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period. Bursa also has thermal baths and several museums, including a museum of archaeology.
   kusadasi
Kusadasi – meaning Bird Island, is one of the most popular holiday resorts on the Aegean coast of Turkey. Not only for its beautiful beaches or night life, Kusadasi is also an excellent location for visiting some of the most important and best preserved ancient sites of Turkey such as the world famous ancient city of Ephesus, House of Virgin Mary, Basilica of St. John, or Priene, Didyma, Miletus which are located within a short distance of the city.
   bodrum
Bodrum, also known as ancient Halicarnassus, is the birth place of Herodotus and the home of one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, Mausoleum. Today, Bodrum who is also called as “St Tropez of Turkey”, is the most lively holiday resort famous for its luxury brand hotels, traditional gulets and beach clubs. For anyone, a must see place is the famous Crusader’s Castle which houses the world famous Museum of Underwater Archaeology where you can see the oldest shipwreeck of the world put on display along with thousands of amphoras and glass wrecks.
   marmaris
Marmaris is a port town and holiday resort on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey with its exceptional location between two intersecting sets of mountains by the sea. It is the most convenient gateway for visiting one of most spectacular corners of Turkey. The town of Dalyan, which is located on the banks of the meandering Dalyan River, is home to one of the ancient sites of Turkey known as Kaunos. The city of Kaunos with its Lycian rock-cut tombs above the river’s sheer cliffs was a port city in ancient times. The Iztuzu Beach is kept as a National Park and is the largest breeding ground for the endangered loggerhead sea turtle species.
   fethiye
Fethiye is one of Turkey’s best holiday centers located on the site of the ancient city of Telmessos, whose remains can still be seen in the city including the Lycian rock-cut tombs rising above the modern town and the Hellenistic theatre located just next to the modern port. It is the most convenient base for visiting some of the best-preserved Lycian ancient cities such as Pinara. Tlos, Patara, Xanthos and Letoon.
   kas
The picturesque town of Kas located on a hill running down to the Mediterranean Sea, is a heaven for scuba diving and snorkeling. It is the only official port of entry between Antalya and Fethiye and is the best gateway to visiting many historical sites and submerged cities. Kas is pleasant town with its blue sea and narrow streets also known as an ancient Lycian city called Antiphellos. Besides the biological diversity, Kas offers a vast variety of underwater cultural heritage. It is a perfect base for visiting the famous city of Myra with its fascinating rock-cut tombs on the cliffs and known as the city of St. Nicholas. Around the bays of Kas, there are many wrecks of ancient ships and ancient cities sunk under the sea by earthquakes over the centuries.
   antalya
Antalya is the largest resort center on the Mediterranean Coast of Turkey and a gateway to the Turkish Riviera. Antalya houses one of the best museums of the country with a very rich collection of pre-historic and Greaco-Roman artifacts discovered in the vicinity. There are so many ancient sites in the neighborhood of the city such as Perge, Aspendos Termessus, Phaselis and Side. Antalya offers all kind of facilitties as a base to experience all of those sites and National parks around.
   anamur
Anamur is a province of Mersin on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey also known as the site of ancient Anemurium. It was originally founded by the Phoenicians in the 3rd century A.D. and is Turkey's southernmost point. It is a coastal resort famous for its bananas and peanuts. Mamure Kalesi, which just outside the modern town is an impressive Crusader Castle. It was once used by the Crusader Rulers of Cyprus and later the emirs of Karaman and more latterly by the Ottomans.
   silifke
Silifke is picturesquely located along the banks of the Göksu River, which flows from the nearby Taurus Mountains. It is the ancient Seleucia ad Calycadnum and was a significant centre of Christianity and a popular embarkation point for pilgrims to the Holy Land. It is also a fantastic base for a visit to Uzuncaburc also known as the site of untouched Zeus Olba, which is only 30 Kms up hill drive from Silifke, and has a stunning location where one can see a lot of Greco- Roman ruins including the temple of Zeus Olba, a Roman theater, colonnaded street, Roman monumental fountains, and many more.
   mersin
Mersin is a busy port city as a gateway to Tarsus, which is the birthplace of St. Paul, and there are some fascinating ruins to be seen there. There are many historical ruins to be seen there, such as the Roman Road, the Well of St. Paul, and the Gate of Cleopatra. There is also a very interesting mosque known as the Kilise Cami, which was originally built over a 14C Armenian Church dedicated to St. Peter. Muslims believe that prophet Daniel is buried there.
   antakya
Antakya or Antioch was the most important center for early Christianity with non-hidden churches and was also the place where the first followers of Jesus were first called as” Christians”. It is one of the richest multicultural and Biblical cities of the world where Christianity, Islam as well as Judaism are all well represented with their temples. The mosaic museum, which has the second largest collection of the world, the Church of St. Peter, one of the oldest churches of Christianity, the Titus Tunnel, a Roman engineering marvel or Seleucia Pieria, the port city of Antioch where St. Paul sailed back and forth are the "must-see" places.
   gaziantep
Gaziantep is the Turkish capital of Baklava and pistachios. No matter where you go in Turkey, one thing in common you will see: Gaziantep Baklavasi (baklava from Gaziantep). Not only Gaziantep produces the world’s best pistachio baklava, but also houses a collection of fascinating museums, castles, bustling markets and historic houses. One of the best mosaic museums of the world, which displays the fascinating mosaics of Zeugma, is also located in this city.
   urfa
Urfa , also known as Edessa is situated about eighty kilometers east of the Euphrates River, has a very Middle Eastern feel and packed with many great buildings related to Old Testament and Islam. One of the most interesting experiences is to visit Biblical Harran, which is to the southeast of Urfa and was a major commercial, cultural, and religious center first inhabited in the Early Bronze Age. Today, it is famous for it’s beehive shaped buildings and with many ancient buildings scattered around it.
Urfa is also the home for one of the most startling archaeological discoveries of our time, known as Gobekli Tepe. Massive T-shaped stone pillars which were erected about 11,000 years ago, are considered as the site of the world's oldest temple and predate Stonehenge by some 6,000 years
   mardin
Mardin is a historical city situated on the top of a hill and known for it’s fascinating architecture consisting of beautifully decorated stonework and is also the homeland of Syriac Orthodoxy, whose language is Semitic and directly related to the native tongue of Jesus Christ; Aramaic. The city and its vicinity is full of beautifully decorated buildings, mosques, churches and monasteries of which some are still active.
   nemrut
Nemrut is a 2,134 m high mountain located close to the town of Kahta and notable for its colossal statues erected as a royal tomb on the summit and listed as a World heritage site by UNESCO since 1987. It is the capital region of Commegene Kingdom where one can see many great buildings from this period.
   van
Located on the shores of Turkey’s largest lake, Van was the capital of the world famous Urartian Kingdom which is known as the homeland of the most gifted artists in metallurgy and ruled the whole Eastern part of Turkey until 6th century B.C. The fertile region and the climatic conditions attracted many people throughout the history uninterruptedly and became home for a vast number of Urartian castles, temples where one can eyewitness with fascination to the level of art and architecture of this unique culture.
   kars
The modern city of Kars, subject to the Noble Prize winning book of Orhan Pamuk, is a fascinating destination for its 19th century Russian imperial buildings and the Church of the Apostles. Another major reason for visiting Kars is Ani, which is only 45 minutes drive away from the city center and located on the Turkish-Armenian border. Ani was the capital of Bagratid Dynasty located on the Silk Road, rivaling the most powerful cities of the Middle East
   trabzon
Trabzon, the ancient Trebizond, located on the historical Silk Road, was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond and a trade gateway to the Caucasus and Iran. It was a melting pot of religions, cultures and languages for centuries. There are many interesting buildings to be seen in the city from the Medieval times along with a National Park where the world famous Sumela Monastery is located.
   samsun
Samsun has a special place for modern history of Turkey, as this is where the founder of modern Turkey, Ataturk has set foot to start the War of Independence on May 19, 1919.

Samsun is the major access port for visiting Amasya for those coming by sea and is a heaven for birders in the Kizilirmak Delta. Kizilirmak, which means Red River in Turkish, is the longest river in Turkey and is home for 320 species of birds migrating or nesting there.
   sinop
Sinop is situated on the northernmost edge of the Turkish side of the Black Sea coast and is a charming port town which is also known as the the city of the legendary Amazon warrior-women and the birthplace of the philosopher Diogene. Ancient Sinope was founded as a colony by the Milesians in the 7th century BC and flourished continuously as an outlet for the caravans in the following centuries. The ancient fortifications of Sinop are in an amazingly good condition.
   amasra
Amasra whose name derived from Queen Amastris, is a charming Black Sea town which has become popular very recently. It is located on an isthmus with an enclosed citadel and is a beautiful destination with its small museum, Roman bridge, fortifications, fish restaurants, and beaches.
   safranbolu
Safranbolu is the best-preserved Ottoman town in all Turkey, listed in the World Heritage List since 1994 by Unesco. The town was famous as an isolated source for saffron spice, which has always been very precious and popular attracting many ancient travelers. It is also a must-see place for the travelers with its markets, caravanserais, old Turkish baths, enchanting Ottoman wooden houses, and small boutique hotels
   amasya
Amasya has a long history as a wealthy provincial capital producing not only famous apples, but also kings and princes, artists, scientists, poets and intellectuals. From the kings of Pontus to many generations of the Ottoman imperial dynasty, it was the most important city of the Pontic region of Anatolia. Amasya is located on the banks of Iris river and is one of the most picturesque cities of Turkey with priceless remains of history and culture and homeland of Strabo, the famous geographer.
   konya
Historically, Konya was the capital of the Anatolian Seljuks and was the most important political, cultural and religious center after the arrival of Turkish tribes since the 11th century. Konya is also known as the home of the famous theologian, Mevlana, who is also known as Rumi in the western world. The city is adorned with the most exquisite Selcuk monuments including a facinating museum of Selcuk tiles.

Another world famous and Unesco heritage site known as Catalhoyuk, the largest and best-preserved Neolithic site found to date is also located in the province of Konya.
   cappadocia
With an incredible erosion-shaped landscape, Kapadokya, known as Cappadocia throughout the history, is situated in the central part of Turkey. Volcanic eruptions covered the whole region with a thick ash, which solidified into tens of meters high soft rock. Since the Bronze Age, humans began carving an incredible network of tunnels, underground cities, and in the later periods, churches, monasteries, dormitories, living quarters, and storehouses. Since 1985, the Cappadocian region has become listed as a World heritage site and is one of the most unique destinations for travelers as the land of so-called fairy chimneys and the rich Christian frescoes.